How Mobile E-Waste is destroying The World Eco System?
Effects of Electronics waste on human health and environment
The rapid innovation and up gradation that is happening today in the world of technology has never been seen before. When it comes to other gadgets and devices, including electronic appliances, computers, laptops and mobile phones, older models are becoming ineffective or inefficient every day.
We do not know what to do with an old cellphone or charger in the drawer. What to do with an old laptop, monitor or printer lying in the store or basement.
When we exclude these devices and adopt their latest versions or models, the electronic vest or E-Waste is born.
Modern devices like smartphones, even simple alarm clocks, contain hazardous chemicals like lead, cadmium, and mercury. When they are thrown away, their toxic substances are added to the environment.
Experts say that in waste dumped after use, volume accounts for only 2% of the waste, but the contribution of waste to environmental and human health waste is 70%.
The economies of the modern world are developing rapidly and with the help of which, these things themselves are causing major problems for the world. Electronic Waste or E-Waste is one of them.
Most people know about e-waste because we often think of devices and devices that are not in use once in a while but we do not plan or plan to relocate them responsibly.
What the stats say?
In 2016 alone, everyone in the United States threw an average of 44 pounds e-waste. According to a recent UN report:
- The United States produces 63 million tons of e-waste every year, which accounts for 14% of the world’s total e-waste.
- During 2016, 45 million tons (1.5 million tons) was produced worldwide.
- It is also growing at a rate of 4% annually.
- Only 20% of such a large volume of e-waste is recycled in some form.
- The remaining 80% forms part of the waste dumped in the open environment, which is more harmful to the environment.
In the United States and other developed countries, e-waste is recycled, to minimize its effects on the environment. However, recycling in the United States does not account for more than 25% of the total e-waste, and it is rare to say that even a large portion of this 25% is shipped overseas. Some of this e-waste is shipped to developing and poor countries, as there is a large market for old computers, laptops, mobile phones and other gadgets imported into Pakistan.
Not only this, minerals that are not reusable can be extracted. For example, it is washed with nitric and hydrochloric acids to separate the gold particles from the circuit boards. This water goes into rivers and oceans and makes it poisonous. After going through all these steps, an e-waste that is completely crushed is thrown into the open field. Currently, the responsible recycling rate of e-waste worldwide is only 15.5%.
The future e-waste recycling planning
Of course, the solution to this problem is not to double the recycling efforts, but to do so require further action. A UN report cites concern over e-waste recycling today compared to the past; however, with the rapid adoption of new equipment being purchased and used It is not possible to recycle old used equipment.
The problem with the waste is even more complicated when it looks at the short “lifecycle” of new devices. Today companies are offering innovative new models of their products at an alarming pace, which consumers are desperate to buy. UN reports show that a new mobile phone is used today on average for at least 2 years, after which it is replaced.
Experts say that minimization, refurbishment of electronic devices and the duration of their use in one form can reduce the catastrophic impact of e-waste on the environment. At the same time, companies should create longer lifecycle devices to significantly increase their average usage duration and reduce e-waste. This is a practical and lasting way to protect the world from the pitfalls of e-waste.